Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA)

The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), enacted November 6, 1986, is an Act of Congress which reformed US immigration law.

The act:

  • required employers to attest to their employees’ immigration status.
  • made it illegal to knowingly hire or recruit unauthorized immigrants.
  • legalized certain seasonal agricultural illegal immigrants.
  • legalized illegal immigrants who entered the United States before January 1, 1982 and had resided there continuously with the penalty of a fine, back taxes due, and admission of guilt. About three million illegal immigrants were granted legal status.

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